Wednesday, 20 April 2016

Industria Ceramica Salernitana ICS - Italian Art Pottery


Here is a recently bought Italian studio or art pottery lamp base decorated with an African safari theme of motifs, including; elephant, zebra, giraffe, native shields and stick like plants.

I say "recently bought" - but not recently discovered !! as this lamp had been languishing unloved in a not too far away antiques for years. I had looked at it before and recognised the marks but was put off by the ugly faded chrome fittings that had been plastered to the top !! urgghhh what people will do, thinking that it would improve something.

.... anyway; at last I was brave enough to buy it and try to remove the plaster. Expecting hours of trouble and the chance of total failure - wrong - I simply soaked it and wow except for a tiny chip on the top rim - perfect and 1000 times better.

But what is it you scream ?? Surely it's some naive school pot that doesn't deserve your time.


Well actually it not and really quite interesting - the on the underside is a little fish with the initials I.C.S, which as I understand, is an acronym for Industria Ceramica Salernitana.

This factory founded in 1927 by the German businessman, Max Melamerson in Marina di Vietri in workshops previously used by the potters "Della Monica". This region of Italy had a strong German influence and refered to as the so-called "German colony of Vietri". Much of technical and artistic talent was from overseas, including; the technical collaboration of the German, Gunter Stüdemann and from Russians such as the painter Liesel Oppel, ceramic sculptor Lothar Eglive, the modellers Hilde Ramberlieg , the painters Olga Daibes , Amos Marianne and Elisabeth Schveizer , the potters Pieschen , Irene Kowaliska and with ceramist Richard Dolker as artistic director.
 
Among Italians working in the manufacture, among others, Guido Gambone , Vincenzo Procida and his son Salvatore , John Carrano , Francis Solimene and John Falcone .
 
Pottery made in the thirtiesoften has naïve and highly simplified patterns and generally two-tone. There follow a period of expansion and by 1933 they were able to exhibit at the Salernitana II Art Shows and several times at the Milan Triennale.

In 1935 the post of artistic director of manufacturing is assigned to Guido Gambone (1909-1969), a name revered by Italian art pottery enthusiasts as the creator of some the more individual and iconic "modern" Italian ceramics.


 I do not know who designed or modelled this lamp or how to accurately date it - it has quite a Wiener Werkstatte feel to it - almost Suzi Singer - still a little bit enimatic.......


References
www.archivioceramica.com/fabbriche/IJ/I.C.S..htm